Posted by lexforiphilippines on September 21, 2010
In Commissioner of Internal Revenue vs. Smart Communications, Inc. (G.R. No. 179045-46; 25 August 2010), the Supreme Court held that the person entitled to claim a tax refund is the taxpayer [Sections 204(c) and 229 of the National Internal Revenue Code (NIRC)], but in case the taxpayer does not file a claim for refund, the withholding agent has the right to file the claim, even when it is unrelated to, or is not a wholly owned subsidiary of, the principal taxpayer. The High Court cited two reasons: (1) “(the withholding agent) is considered a ‘taxpayer” under the NIRC as he is personally liable for the withholding tax as well as for deficiency assessments, surcharges, and penalties, should the amount of the tax withheld be finally found to be less than the amount that should have been withheld under law,” and (2) “as an agent of the taxpayer, his authority to file the necessary income tax return and to remit the tax withheld to the government impliedly includes the authority to file a claim for refund and to bring an action for recovery of such claim.” The Supreme Court stressed, however, that as an agent of the taxpayer, it is the duty of the withholding agent to return to the principal taxpayer what he has recovered, otherwise, he would be unjustly enriching himself at the expense of the principal taxpayer from whom the taxes were withheld, and from whom he derives his legal right to file a claim for refund.
To know more about said case and the Supreme Court’s ruling, click on Digested Cases under Tools.
Posted in Cases, Law School, Taxation | Tagged: tax refund, Taxation, withholding agent | Leave a Comment »
Posted by lexforiphilippines on August 13, 2010
Recently, the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) has been in the news for filing a case against a prominent businessman for failing to file his correct income tax return. Said businessman supposedly filed a zero tax return for the year 2007 but was able to acquire a Lamborghini worth Php26Million in the same year. The deed of sale for the luxurious car was said to have been provided by the Land Transportation Office (LTO) to the Bureau of Internal Revenue.
In his first State of the Nation Address, the President mentioned that the BIR will be filing cases against suspected smugglers and tax evaders on a weekly basis.
With this mandate coming from the highest official of the land, we can expect the BIR to focus its collection efforts against suspected tax cheats and high-profile individual taxpayers suspected of evading taxes.
But how will the Bureau go about this directive?
BIR Lifestyle Check
On March 9, 2010, the Bureau of Internal Revenue issued Revenue Memorandum Order (RMO) No. 19-2010, known as the Taxpayer’s Lifestyle Check System, with the objective to exhaust all means and methodology of determining an individual’s income. Under the RMO, the National Investigation Division (NID) of the BIR shall verify the existence of a taxpayer’s high value assets and/or conspicuous spending by accessing the records of appropriate government and private entities, such as but not limited to the following: the LTO, Bureau of Immigration, airline and shipping companies, Maritime Industry Authority, Civil and Aeronautics Board, Manila Electric Company, Land Registration Authority, Register of Deeds, resorts, membership clubs, or similar establishments, homeowner associations, real estate development authorities, and credit card companies, and Statement of Assets and Liabilities and Networth and/or Amnesty Returns filed under Republic Act No. 9480.
The information gathered from the aforementioned entities shall then be evaluated vis-à-vis the data extracted from the BIR’s Integrated Tax System (ITS) on the concerned taxpayer’s registered business/es, returns filed and amount of taxes paid. The economic use/beneficial ownership of properties shall be considered in the evaluation process. All properties registered under the name of the taxpayer’s child, whether emancipated or minor, or any relative shall be considered as those of the taxpayer when the property is not proven to have been acquired under any of the means enumerated in the New Civil Code of the Philippines and the tax thereon has been properly paid, and/or the child or relative has no independent means sufficient for the acquisition of the property.
After evaluation, if sufficient evidence so warrants, the investigator shall request a formal issuance of a Letter of Authority to conduct a formal investigation of the subject taxpayer.
What will constitute prima facie evidence of fraud or substantial under-declaration of taxes?
If the taxpayer’s net worth has increased in a given year or if he has acquired substantial assets or incurred substantial spending and it was verified from the ITS that he has not filed an income tax return for the period or the declared income therein is disproportionate to his spending then the BIR will take is as a prima facie evidence of substantial under declaration of taxes.
Posted in Law School, Laws and Implementing Rules, Taxation | Tagged: assessment, BIR, lifestyle check, power of the CIR, tax compliance, Taxation | Leave a Comment »
Posted by lexforiphilippines on June 22, 2010
On 13 May 2010, the Securities and Exchange Commission approved the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 9856, otherwise known as the Real Estate Investment Trust Act of 2009.
Click on the Tools tab for a copy of the Implementing Rules of the Real Estate Investment Trust Act of 2009.
Posted in Corporate Law, Laws and Implementing Rules, Taxation, Uncategorized | Tagged: corporate law, Taxation | Leave a Comment »
Posted by lexforiphilippines on March 10, 2010
The Bureau of Internal Revenue issued Revenue Regulations No. 3-2010 requiring taxpayers who will be submitting their annual tax returns to include a Statement of Management Responsibility as attachment. Aside from the usual general statement that the financial statements are prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting and auditing principles, the taxpayer shall also make a statement that ” all applicable tax returns, reports and statements required to be filed under Philippine tax laws for the reporting period, and all taxes and other impositions shown thereon to be due and payable have been paid for the reporting period, except those contested in good faith.”
For a copy of Revenue Regulations No. 3-2010, click on the Tools bar under Laws and Implementing Regulations.
Posted in Laws and Implementing Rules, Taxation | Tagged: BIR regulations, Taxation | Leave a Comment »
Posted by lexforiphilippines on February 18, 2010
The Supreme Court declared that members of cooperatives are exempt from the 20% withholding tax on the interest of their savings and time deposits maintained with the cooperative. See the digest at Tools + Digested Cases Tab.
Posted in Cases, Political Law, Taxation | Tagged: cooperatives, tax exemption, Taxation | Leave a Comment »